Is depression caused by external factors, or by our own mind and body?
The solution may not be as simple as some wish to agree with. The generally held view is that depression is led to by negative events or circumstances that result in fear, sadness, apprehension, and worry. External factors such as gloomy weather, the six o’clock news, and even how one views society at large — are also regarded as major sources of depression.
Another school of thought in this issue about depression is rooted in biology and biochemistry. Going by this theory, depression is supposedly led to by chemical imbalances which, in turn, have effects on a person’s psychological and emotional equilibrium. The discipline of psychology, then again, takes a unique tack by claiming that the chemical changes are effects of the psychological condition, no longer the opposite way around.
There are reports and studies that show depression as being associated with a variety of chemical changes within the brain. Changes inside the brain’s chemical receptors have been mentioned as imaginable causes of depression. The same has been said of injury to the nerves and biochemical transmitters that do the gritty work of the central nervous system. Serotonin is always mentioned, though other neural receptors have also been named by a spread of studies into the subject. Noradrenaline and dopamine levels have also been mentioned by a few studies as being related to depression. It’s miles these drugs that most antidepressant medications are designed to focus on. The fundamental idea is that low levels of the aforementioned chemicals causes depression, so higher levels must be uplifting. Whilst such a lot cases of depression are treated successfully in this manner, there are still some issues to be resolved. The low levels may be indicative of an alternative problem, in place of being the basis of the problem itself.
Psychology could also be a significant component in depression, if no longer the foundation cause. Studies show that individuals who have suffered emotional or psychological trauma are prone to develop depression later on in life. This is particularly true if the trauma occurred throughout the individual’s formative years, or used to be brought about by a relied on figure of their life. Pessimism can also make it more straightforward for an individual to slide into depression, but so much do no longer see it as a significant component. Anxiety disorders could also result in depression, according to some studies. This stems from the negative self-perception which may be led to by anxiety disorders that cripple a person’s ability to satisfy his perceived duties. These can come with social anxiety and performance anxiety, among other types of anxiety disorders. Because the negative self-perception sinks in, it begins to change the person’s view of reality. At last, as depression sets in, everything appears bleak and hopeless.
In the meanwhile, it’s miles difficult to be certain whether depression is a mental condition or a biological one. There could be ample evidence to show that there are factors on all sides of the argument. Then again, there is a loss of evidence to indicate to both sides of the coin being the definitive answer. More research into the problem goes to be needed, especially since there are a few unanswered questions about depression. For example, the reality that depression turns out to manifest frequently in families suggest some kind of genetic connection. Also, if the way of thinking does have an impact on depression, then would there be a statistical correlation between nihilism and depression? Clearly, there’s still lots to be found out about this condition.